This guidance is for England, Scotland & Wales
The Textile Products (Labelling and Fibre Composition) Regulations 2012 require all textile products to carry a label indicating the fibre content, either on the item or the packaging. If a product consists of two or more components with different fibre contents, the content of each must be shown. Only certain names can be used for textile fibres and these are listed in the Regulations along with a list of products that are not required to bear fibre content.
There is a general obligation to state the full fibre composition of textile products.
What is a textile product?
A textile product can be defined in any of the following ways:
- raw, semi-worked, worked, semi-manufactured, manufactured, semi-made up or made up products composed of textile fibres
- products containing at least 80% by weight of textile fibres (including furniture, umbrella and sunshade coverings)
- textile parts of carpets, mattresses and camping goods
- textiles incorporated in, and forming an integral part of, other products where textile parts are specified
How should the product be labelled?
All items must carry a label indicating the fibre content, either on the item or the packaging.
The label should be durable, easily legible, visible and accessible. If the product is supplied to a wholesaler the indication may be contained within business documents – the invoice, for example. A textile product consisting of two or more fibres accounting for 85% of the finished product should be marked with the fibre followed by a percentage – for example, ‘cotton 80%, polyester 15%, nylon 5%’.
If a product consists of two or more components with different fibre contents – for example, a jacket with a lining – the content of each must be shown. Any decorative matter that makes up 7% or less of the product is excluded from the indication of fibre content. The word ‘pure’ should only be used where the garment is made up of only one fibre. The word ‘silk’ cannot be used to describe the texture of any other fibre – for example, ‘silk acetate’ is not permitted. Only certain names can be used for textile fibres and these are listed in annex I of EU Regulation (EU) No 1007/2011 on textile fibre names and related labelling and marking of the fibre composition of textile products(see link in ‘Key legislation’ below). This list may be updated as new technology produces new fibres.
If you are using, buying or selling a fibre product with a name that does not appear on this list, contact your local trading standards service for advice.
There are special provisions that relate to the required method of labelling of corsetry products, etch-printed and embroidered textiles, velvet and plush textiles (or textiles resembling velvet or plush), and floor coverings and carpets where the backing and pile are composed of different fibres.
Textile products in sold in multipacks – such as floorcloths, cleaning cloths, handkerchiefs, bun nets and hair nets, wash-gloves, face flannels, etc – of the same type and fibre composition may have inclusive rather than individual labelling. The full list of products to which this allowance may be applied can be found in annex VI of EU Regulation (EU) No 1007/2011.
Annex VII of EU Regulation (EU) No 1007/2011 contains information on textile product components that are not taken into account in determining fibre compositions.
Fur & other animal parts
Consumers must be made aware when textile products contain parts of animal origin, such as fur, leather, bone, etc.
The use of non-textile parts of animal origin must be clearly labelled or marked using the phrase ‘contains non-textile parts of animal origin’. The label can contain further information on the parts of animal origin – such as mink fur or lambskin – but the mandatory phrase must always be used.
This also means that any mis-labelling – for example, labelling real fur as faux fur – is an offence.
Additionally, it is an offence to sell, import or export cat and dog fur, and products containing such fur. Similar provisions apply to the marketing of seal fur (these are enforced by Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC) rather than trading standards services).
Advertisements, catalogues & e-commerce
Where products are advertised in such a way that they can be ordered by reference solely to the description in the advertisement, the Regulations require an indication of fibre content to appear in the advertisement. Advertisements include catalogues, the internet, circulars, price lists and trade literature.
Products that do not have to bear a fibre content indication
- air-supported structures
- animal clothing
- artificial flowers
- book covers
- buttons and buckles
- certain types of cordage, rope and string intended as components in other items
- disposable articles (except wadding)
- egg cosies
- flags and banners
- funeral products
- labels and badges
- make-up cases
- mobile phone and portable media player covers (with a surface area less than 160 cm²)
- old made up textile products
- oven gloves and cloths
- packaging (not new and sold as such – for example, used potato sacks)
- painted canvas
- pin cushions
- protective requisites of sport (except gloves)
- safety items (for example, life jackets, parachutes)
- shoe cleaning cases
- sleeve protectors
- sleeve supporting arm bands
- slide fasteners
- spectacle, cigarette and cigar, lighter and comb cases
- stuffed pan holders
- table mats having several components and a surface area not exceeding 500 cm²
- tapestries, including materials for their production
- tea and coffee cosies
- textile parts of footwear
- textile products for base and underlying fabrics and stiffening
- tobacco pouches
- toilet cases
- travel goods
- watch straps
The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy has produced more detailed guidance on the requirements: Textile labelling regulations: Guidance on the Textile Products (Labelling and Fibre Composition) Regulations 2012.
In addition to the specific textile legislation, the Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 prohibit misleading actions and omissions when describing products and services, as well as misleading prices.
Failure to comply with trading standards law can lead to enforcement action and to sanctions, which may include a fine and/or imprisonment.
EU Regulation (EU) No 1007/2011 on textile fibre names and related labelling and marking of the fibre composition of textile products
The information is intended for guidance only; only the courts can give you an authoritative interpretation of the law.